As a student I have watched over fellow students give their speech at various competitions. The years rolled out, when I was presenting seminars, others were looking out to every word and my corresponding body language. When I entered in professional life the same turned into office presentations. Now I realize public speaking skills was a part of my everyday routine, just that it took various forms in different walks of life.
“There are three things to aim in public speaking: first, to get into your subject, then to get your subject into yourself, and lastly, to get your subject into the heart of your audience” said Alexander Gregg.
Whether you are a teacher lecturing, a political candidate trying to gain people confidence in to get their votes or a professional giving presentations to get a new client. The ways of public speaking differs based upon the situation but one should remember few key points on how to deliver it. There are three types of speaking and let us see how to use them.
Informative Speaking. The purpose of informative speaking is to share one’s knowledge of a subject with the audience and help remembering them later. A good speech conveys accurate information to the audience in a way that is clear and that keeps the listener interested about the topic. Achieving all three of the goals-accuracy, clarity, and interest, is the key to your effectiveness as a speaker.
Part of being accurate is making sure that your information is current. Even if you know a great deal about your topic, you need to verify the accuracy and completeness of what you know. Based upon the topics you chose to share, you need to update your information constantly. You should not assume that something that is clear to you will also be clear to the members in your audience, so make sure the information in your speech is logical.
A college professor lecturing on a specific topic or a company head presenting the last month’s sales to a group of people are few of the examples of Informative Speaking.
Persuasive Speaking. Persuasion occurs in nearly every part of day-to-day life, in a persuasive speech the speaker attempts to influence people to think or behave in a particular way. In order to motivate audiences to think differently one uses statistics, facts, narratives or testimonies.
They are composed of both Logical and Emotional appeals. A logical appeal is a method of persuasion based on evidence and reasoning. For example, arguments heard in court are logical arguments. Emotional appeal uses emotion as the basis of an argument without factual evidence. One classic example is advertising messages, which is usually based on imagery rather than information, it evokes strong emotions feelings rather than by a rational appeal.
Entertaining Speaking. An Entertainment Speech has one purpose to amuse and entertain the audience. Occasions such as presenting and accepting awards, motivational speeches at conference are also examples of entertainment speaking. Though they are very common but that does not mean they do not need any effort and preparation. There are four key ingredients in delivering effective entertainment speeches: Preparation, adaptation to the occasion, adaptation to the audience and mindfulness about the time.
Prepare the speech accordingly by neither being too formal nor too casual in choosing the words. Linguistic range should be in accordance to the varied age group of people who attend the gathering. The vocabulary should be put to best possible use in the entire situation. There should be certain humorous elements and punch lines reserved at regular intervals of time which keeps the audiences interested.
7 Elements in Public Speaking
Elements in public speaking are crucial as they are part of every conversation. It is applied to all the communication events regardless of the number to the receivers or listeners. There are seven elements listed for your understanding.
Speaker: The person who initiated the conversation or talk
Message: The message refers to whatever the speaker is telling the audience about the certain topic
Channel: The channel refers to the thing that makes the communication or conversation possible
Listener: The listener is the receiver of the message on the other end of the line
Feedback: It is the response of the listener or the receiver of the message based on the message
Interference: Any internal or external interference that affects the communication process
Situation: It refers to the physical setting of the event which is the time and place where the conversation happened
Benefits of Public Speaking
Taking the first step in public speaking can be a bit overwhelming. A little bit of preparation like attending Soft Skill Training in India can develop your skill immensely. Below mentioned are few advantages of public speaking:
Ø Builds your Confidence
Ø Markets your Business
Ø Strengthens your Oral Communication Skills
Ø Improves your Chance of Getting Hired
Ø Develop Better Writing Skills
Ø Advocate for Causes You Care About